Turismo rural en Argentina
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   Introduction
   The Gaucho
   Gaucho's trousseau
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The Gaucho's trousseau

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
They formed it inherited elements of the contemporary gear and others that elaborated in answer to the demands of the means where they moved. Their robes are already descripted for travelers of the XVIII century and, among them, they stand out those:
 

Boots of Colt tube of extracted wide leather of the later extremities of donkeys, colts, bull calves, cows, mares and, sometimes, of puma or yaguareté. They left discovered average foot. One is about an European cultural inheritance and with special development in Spain in the provinces Leon , Asturias and Galicia . The true gaucho disappeared along with. To the boots they tied spurs.

Spurs that here the name of Chileans, nazarenas or whiners received, according to their characteristic. Their origin goes back to the German chivalry of the Habsburgo; adopted by the Spanish chivalry, they arrived to the American domains. The German school used spurs with disks or wheels with tips in stars' form.

Sifted Underpants another Spanish inheritance; manufactured of cotton or of linen, they arrived to half leg and they finished in a fringe, although they sometimes had a strip embroidered in the end. To the sides (until almost half thigh) they took bellboys, although the gaucho always used them open, allowing to appear the short. The short, of use common to all the social levels (that of the gaucho era of ordinary cloth) it was in general of red or blue color.

Chiripá their use extended among the gauchos toward ends of the XVIII century. They had used it first the Jesuit to dress to the Indians of their reductions and era without stopping a piece of cotton, in a rectangular way and with fringes in three of their sides. The part without fringes wrapped it around the waist, they covered with the other tips the thighs and they passed them under the legs.

Vest they covered the torso with shirt with cotton or linen, whose completion varied outside according to the economic condition of the gaucho. On the shirt they went the vest, short, without sleeves and of lighter fabric in the back, and the jacket, short dress coat of cloth with neck and small lapels.

Poncho is captivated common to the whole mestizo America, era of pure wool or combined with cotton. The one that was used in the pampas era of rustic production, in general knitted by the same Indians. It was blanket in the nights and layer to be protected of the cold and the rain in their long vagabondages to horse.

Hats their forms and textures very were varied although, in general, the Eastern Band the gauchos used one round one of wide flat wings; in Buenos Aires, a small hat of high glass and short wings, placed tipped on a white handkerchief, tieed in comfortable triangle under the chin. Also, in both margins of the Silver, they used a red cap, or cap frigio, adorned of tapes tricolors in its end.

Cintos European inheritance, was of leather and very wide. Of them it hung the knife and got to be places setting of currencies, that were the only capital of the gaucho. They perforated the currencies in the center and that way they held them to the leather. They used to have bolsiIlos with two or three small clasps to the front. The covered drays of currency, showy but very heavy, were exaggerated later versions of those cintos.

Knife was the most valuable I implement. The one that the gaucho era of inheritance of the flamenco infantry adopted, also coming with the Spaniards. It was attack weapon and defense, instrument in the tasks with the livestock (to castrate, to kill, charquear, carnear, cuerear), for tusar the horse or it stops desvasarlo (to clip him the glasses). Also to work the leather, to make tientos and buttonholes. Also, to eat, to cut branches, sticks and stakes and to work the wood in general. They were of several types: the facón, in fact a dagger, of double edge of 30 cm or more than long; the caronero, a facón of big dimensions (up to 80 leaf cm) that for their size the gaucho took in the message; the verijero, knife of small leaf, served for the tools in those that the facón was uncomfortable as managing; the knife that replaced to the facón by the middle of last century, of 25 leaf cm and that it was taken crossed to the kidneys with the mango next to the right elbow.

Boleadoras another one implement basic, cultural inheritance of the tribes Indians who used them to hunt ñandúes, gamos and, more ahead, bovine horses and. There were them of two types: the call lost ball that it was of a single stone, and the one of two or three tied balls to ends of a cúero market. The one of two it was? ñanducera , The one of three balls it is an invention gaucho, to whom Marias called?tres. One of the balls, much more small that the other two, handed over until the moment of the launching; the other two were of weight similar, although never identical, so that when turning they separated well. There were them of stone, metal, wood lasts and until of stuffed lead horn. They covered them in leather. The Ilevaban around the waist or in brigand and her handling was not simple nor easy; in their memories of trip, Darwin mentions the embarrassing exporiencia of to have boleado their own horse before the diversion of the gauchos whom they observed. Its effectiveness was enormous; from a distance of 40 ms it was difficult that a gaucho did not turn around a wild colt. The same Grl. Jose Maria Peace was captured by the santafesino Estanislao Lopez, to the boleado being its horse by a game of gauchos.

Bow this long crude leather strip completed the team of the gaucho, twisted or pranced in round, of 2, 3 and up to 8 touches. Being which in all its variants Américas is used in the three, it is possible to infer that it was an adaptation of the Spaniards to the environmental requirements of the New World . It measured between 17 and 20 ms and Ilevaba a fastener in an end, by which sujetabá to cincha, and in the other end, heavier, a hoop of iron of 6 to 8 cm of diameter. With her the sliding loop formed and, in addition, by his own weight it facilitated the flight or shot of the bow. It was an effective and quiet weapon of hunting.

   
Viajoporargentina - Información Turística sobre la República Argentina
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