This itinerary of the RN38 that The Rioja unites with San Fernando of the Valley of Catamarca , is an old prehispanic road that connected established establishments next to the courses of water. It indicates this way it the toponym Capayán that means «camino real», given to the department and their village head.
The foot of the mountain of Ambato travels, where there were partialities of Indian Conetas that, during the Colony, they were given in it commends to the Spanish ones and then they consolidated towns, as it increased the development of The Rioja and Catamarca.
In 1885 the brunch of the railroad of the Argentinean Northeast was traced (FF.CC.G.B.), parallel to the road that took to the provincial capital of Catamarca. This means of transport brought the progress and it changed the dynamics and the landscape of the place, with its railroads and small stations of beautiful Italian architecture, built by the Italian engineer Tomás Agustini.
The village of Chumbicha , been founded in 1885 like rail town to the entrance of the county, was the point of bifurcation of other important brunch that went to Tucumán, drawing for the south the mountain of Ancasti . The village had National Telegraph and became the focus of progress of the department. In 1977, the growing importance of the routes like communication roads, it impacted in the closing of these rail brunches and the rising paralyzation of their stations.
Some of these agricultural towns, those of more interest paisajístico and better climate, they evolve today eats summer villages. They keep testimonies of the old progress in their architecture of large houses of Italian style and warehouses of general fields.
Leave The Rioja (km 0) for the RN38 toward the north. The route runs to the feet of the mountain of Ambato to arrive in the km 89, to the village of Chumbicha , originated as rail town; there will find today the best handmade candies of file.
In the km 121 make a deviation to the left for the paved route and advance 1 km until Huillapima (hare print). The area fitogeográfica that continues is known as «forest of the plains», where white quebrachos, mistoles, chañares, white and black locusts, molles, jumes, jarillas, pichanas, mallows and pitches are plentiful.
From this point 7 km continues for the mountain until San Pablo , place with characteristic of pilgrimage sanctuary. Visit their beautiful Church of San Pablo