Turismo en La Pampa , Argentina
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History
Gauchos a caballo
 
Tropliia de caballos salvajes
 
Parque Luro
 
Estancias Pampeanas
 
Tropilla de caballos
 

The region pampeana was inhabited more than 8.000 years ago by men's groups dedicated to the hunt and the gathering. According to Hernando Arias de Saavedra in the 1600 and the father English Jesuit Tomás Falkner about two centuries later, after their explorations, they distinguish two groups of natives inhabiting the region, the Diuihet and the Talhuet. Both communities began to be called pampas generically. The same ones had received influences of the tehuelches, then they were absorbed by the Araucanians. The Spaniards never noticed of it. They consisted on a town with firmly ingrained customs, they resisted difficultly against the Spanish advance. They were located in the area to the south of the river Bio Bio in Chile, however their traditions and form of life extended to the Argentinean territory, occupying the fringe that goes from the Atlantic and El Desaguadero, to the south of San Luis' cities and Cuarto River, until the first indications of the mountains from Buenos Aires.

The development of the cattle raising and consequently the extensive use of the horse, adopted by the indigenous pampeanos, caused a growing trade between these tribes and those belonging to the region of Chile. So much won ovino as equine, they were gone by the frontier, privately. Once in Chilean territory, the trade arrived until the farmers of the south. On the base of the constant exchange, the cuatrerismo arises, and consequently a net of roads in the well-known alone desert for the natives. Strategic points existed for the use of the water, product in occasions of you dam built specifically for such an end. One of them is in Cero de los Viejos, in Caleu Caleu. The net of having raked understood among the good known ones, that of Trenque Lauquen until Loncomeun (Lonquimay, Anguil, Leuvucó); Of the Chileans going by Salinas Grandes in address to the steps border secrets. De las Vivoras with Southwest address united to that de las Pulgas , coming from Santa Rosa's northwest. Las Pulgas , Mercedes was born near Villa, in San Luis and communicated to the one raked of Las Vívoras with that of The Chileans, concluding in Lihuel Calel, to the north.

The Pampas was understood in jurisdiction of the Region of Cuyo . At the end of 1604, the governor of the Rio de La Plata, D. Hernando Arias de Saavedra (Hernandaria) carried out an expedition in search of the city of the Césares, it arrived to the rivers Colorado and Negro. For Real Identification, August 4 1776 became part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, and soon after the Real Ordinance of Intendants of January of 1782, of the Government Intendency of Buenos Aires 28. The effective incorporation of The Pampas in the Nation was achieved by means of the military conquest and in execution of the National law Nº 215 of August of 1867, 13 that it determined to take the line of opposite with the Indian, until the Negro rivers and Neuquén. La Pampa went Province by National Law Nº 14.037 of August of 1951, 8 December of the same year 20, its name was changed by that of Province Eva Perón, until in 1955 was returned the name of La Pampa.

 
Campaign to the Desert
 

The white man arrived to these lands with conquest intentions, it supposed that it "to civilize" to the aborigine, as long as to contribute to his "education", for the minimum payment of his lands. Legitimate children of the same ones that were not only dominated, but in occasions slaughtered by the invasion of the conquerors and settlers. The campaign to the desert concluded with a balance of 2.300 dead natives and 12.000 prisoners. The capital of the established Viceroyalty of the Riio de la Plata, was centered in Buenos Aires, port that also allowed the trade of weatherbeaten and beef, this last era the food of the slaves that possessed the Portuguese colony in Brazil. Due to the importance that the pampas had with regard to the necessary resources for him weatherbeaten, the conversations began with the absolute owners of the desert, the tribes. The enmity grows until arriving to its height in a year 1810-11. The internal wars, left in second place the problem with the aboriginal of the pampas. Later, in 1820 Martin's expedition Rodríguez extended the frontiers toward the south, then he made it Juan Manuel of Roses in 1833. With their advance to the river Colorado, Roses won 3.000 square leagues of lands, to the cost of 3.200 dead Indians, 1.200 prisoners and 1.000 liberated captive Christian. After the fall of Roses, the frontier went back until Outpost Areco, Guard of Luján and Mount, thanks to the aboriginal presence "according to Florencio Beaches her."

After the battle of Landlords, being Buenos Aires incorporated to the national territory, thinks about the inconveniences again with the aborigine. The malones, the cuatrerismo, the problems with Chile on the border limits, it impels Adolfo Alsina, Secretary of Guerra and Marina, to order the population of districts, most inhabited for aboriginal. The border line was taken until Carhué, Guaminí, Puán and Trenque Lauquen. To their death, Julio Argentinean Rock happens him, opponent of the defensive politics against the Indians of Alsina. In the year 1879, it leaves with 6.000 armed men from Córdoba, Mendoza and Buenos Aires, all border points. The objective was to extend the frontier until the Black rivers and Neuquén to the south. In 1873, the cacique had died Calfucurá, in 1876 the aboriginal ones were defeated in Carhué. Their might after these events had diminished. The campaign to the desert didn't present difficulties for Rock and its columns. In spite of it the limits continued moving, of a side for the aboriginal ones even existent, for other, for the military forces, concluding the conflict in May of 1879. The aboriginal threat had concluded.

Viajoporargentina - Información Turística sobre la República Argentina
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