Jujuy at Christmas
It has special characteristics because of its well rooted customs. The birth of the Lord is represented everywhere up to 6 Th. of January. The first representation known is of Toribio Toloba in 1885. The images were granted by the Spanish; they came from Cuzco. It is said that the Child wanted to stay for ever in the Toloba's house, to be worshipped every year, during Christmas. After several movings of the family in the year 1935, an oratory was built by the left bank of the river Grande next to the Los Suspiros stream where the images are. Tourists and local people go up to there to see the dance of the ribbons and listen to the band of sikuris. The Town Hall of San Salvador de Jujuy makes a contest of Stables and Christmas carols; the city is filled with the music and happiness.
The Manca Festivity
It is called the Festivity of the Pots, it is performed in La Quiaca in October. The people from the Altiplano Boliviano and the Puna Jujeña go to the celebration. They barter, the former bring their pots, mugs, plates, virques and other types of pottery; while the Puneños bring their weavings, llama wool, etc. In this fair, tents are raised where people meet to eat, drink and dance.
Bullfighting: Offerings to the Virgin
In Casabindo, one of the oldest towns of the Puna, every 15 Th. of August the celebration of the Ascension of the Virgin takes place; besides, the bullfighting of the vincha is carried out. At dawn , the religious ceremonies begin, they finish with a procession along the main streets of the town. In the afternoon, the bullfighting takes place in the square which keeps the colonial characteristics. The best animals are brought from Tolayo. The image of the Virgins taken to the altar to preside the show while the bells ring. Before releasing the bull, a kerchief is put onto his head, it has silver coins which are the trophy for the brave man who dares to take the kerchief off, which is offered to the Virgin as a sign of faith. The celebrations go on in the houses with native dances, drinking chicha, wine and coca is also available.
Forty days after the burial of the carnival, the Easter Week starts. This tradition goes back to the days of the foundation of San Salvador, which coincided with Easter celebration. The most outstanding festivities are held in Tilcara and Yavi. Tilcara begins the celebration on Ash -Wednesday with the Pilgrimage to the Shrine of the Virgin of Copacabana, the pilgrimage is a 14 km walk, accompanied by sikuris, the pilgrims take the image of the Virgin to the town. The faith of the of the people is reflected on the artistic hermitage or calvaries, elaborated with flowers and natural materials from the region. Yavi was the town where both viceroyships joined; at present, it is the meeting point of the ancestral doctrines which arrive from the area of influence, which share the religious cult.
It is an ancient religious expression which is announced by bombos, erkes and bombs to worship a saint on his day and covers the road from its settlement to a church where mass is celebrated in his honor.
The carnival is known above the frontiers of the province, the typical passivity of the inhabitants vanishes during the celebrations in the Quebrada de Humahuaca and the Puna. The Quebrada and the Puna burst in an explosion of color and noise. It starts with the ceremony of the unburial of the Pujillay, the devil of carnival, from the tomb where it was buried the year before. The dances begin, everybody looks for a mate for them. They revolt their ponchos and albahacos, the carnavalito fills all the streets of the villa, the celebrations go on dancing, playing with water, flour and serpentines during the night. The celebrations last eight days, each village has its rites. La Quiacahas different customs compared to Abra Pampa, Yavi and Santa Catalina. The eighth day, the different groups meet round the tomb of the devil to bury it.
Latin American and National Students' Festivity
The antepenultimate week of September it is held this celebration. It is A large festivity where the youth meet at the San Martin Park. The high school students from the whole province meet, they build chariots covered with paper flowers, lights and movement. The celebrations include the election of the national queen of the students, a student congress and competences.