Turismo en Jujuy , Argentina
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Cultura
Coya jujeño

 

 

 

Locro

 

 

 

Coyas jujeños

 

 

 

Tejedora

 

 

 

Celebración religiosa

 

 

 

Matra jujeño

 

 

 

Hermita jujeña

 

 

 

Tejedora
 

The disparity of its geography affects the settlement of the population, in the districts of the Puna the population is less than one inhabitant a km2, while in the valleys it is 25 inhabitants a km2. The percentage of the population which lives in the capital city is 45%. According to the census of 1991 it has 512,329 inhabitants (51% women and 49% men), it is the 1.6% of the total of the country. The men , mainly, migrate to the larger urban centers of the country as well as the young people.

In the province of Jujuy it is clear the survival of a particular culture, in the customs, ceremonies, beliefs and legends. The literature of the province is earlier than the one acquired with the coming of the Spanish Language. Before the Conquest, the Quechua was the language of the area. There were other languages but they were neglected in favor of the Quechua and the Aimara which were adopted by the Council of Lima, in the manifests of the Junta, in decrees and announcements of campaigns. Now it is still in use. Many people are bilingual. Although there are not written records of the native literature, it is abundant the material found in myths, fables, tales, legends and songs. Some of them are preserved in the oral tradition up to now.

 
Rites, Customs and Traditions
 

The province offers traditions and customs which are almost unknown to the rest of the country. The inhabitants of the Quebrada de Humahuaca and the Puna keep the festivities and rituals of their ancestors linked to the past by mysterious chains. The humbleness and the politeness which characterize the people make traditions as the Pachamama to be part of the people. They offer gifts to the mother land to protect their crops and cattle. They also recall the myth of the Coquena, protector of the vicuña and the Supay and its charms, who hiding in a cave, whistle when the white wind blows in the passes and hills, they are covered with a frigid cape. There are many other customs, which are part of their ceremonies.

 

The Coqueo:
The Coca is a shrub farmed from many centuries ago in Peru and Bolivia. In Argentina it is not farmed, but its consumption of coca leaves is usual in the northwest. It is illegal import it, the same happens with the selling and consumption. However, the leaves are sold in the stores, it is used in public and is drank as tea. The usual way of "coquear"is taking some leaves and put them into one side of the mouth , without chewing them making a ball which must be wet with the saliva to get the juice from it slowly. The effects are not evident but it soothe the thirst and hunger and it also mitigates the fatigue and the sleep. It is useful when one becomes weak by the altitude.

The apacheta:
It is a rudimentary pyramid of stone, which is frequent in the passes of the Andes. The custom is to stop on the top of the passes and add a stone to it. The apachea is very ancient. There are apacheas which have been built throughout the centuries, as the one in Abra de Acay in Salta. The tradition is kept and there are apacheas in the routes open a few years ago. The tradition requires to make an offer to the Pacha Mama (some tobacco, alcohol or acullillo of coca leaves).

 
Descriptions of the Main Events s
 

Jujuy at Christmas
It has special characteristics because of its well rooted customs. The birth of the Lord is represented everywhere up to 6 Th. of January. The first representation known is of Toribio Toloba in 1885. The images were granted by the Spanish; they came from Cuzco. It is said that the Child wanted to stay for ever in the Toloba's house, to be worshipped every year, during Christmas. After several movings of the family in the year 1935, an oratory was built by the left bank of the river Grande next to the Los Suspiros stream where the images are. Tourists and local people go up to there to see the dance of the ribbons and listen to the band of sikuris. The Town Hall of San Salvador de Jujuy makes a contest of Stables and Christmas carols; the city is filled with the music and happiness.

The Manca Festivity
It is called the Festivity of the Pots, it is performed in La Quiaca in October. The people from the Altiplano Boliviano and the Puna Jujeña go to the celebration. They barter, the former bring their pots, mugs, plates, virques and other types of pottery; while the Puneños bring their weavings, llama wool, etc. In this fair, tents are raised where people meet to eat, drink and dance.

Bullfighting: Offerings to the Virgin
In Casabindo, one of the oldest towns of the Puna, every 15 Th. of August the celebration of the Ascension of the Virgin takes place; besides, the bullfighting of the vincha is carried out. At dawn , the religious ceremonies begin, they finish with a procession along the main streets of the town. In the afternoon, the bullfighting takes place in the square which keeps the colonial characteristics. The best animals are brought from Tolayo. The image of the Virgins taken to the altar to preside the show while the bells ring. Before releasing the bull, a kerchief is put onto his head, it has silver coins which are the trophy for the brave man who dares to take the kerchief off, which is offered to the Virgin as a sign of faith. The celebrations go on in the houses with native dances, drinking chicha, wine and coca is also available.

Easter Week
Forty days after the burial of the carnival, the Easter Week starts. This tradition goes back to the days of the foundation of San Salvador, which coincided with Easter celebration. The most outstanding festivities are held in Tilcara and Yavi. Tilcara begins the celebration on Ash -Wednesday with the Pilgrimage to the Shrine of the Virgin of Copacabana, the pilgrimage is a 14 km walk, accompanied by sikuris, the pilgrims take the image of the Virgin to the town. The faith of the of the people is reflected on the artistic hermitage or calvaries, elaborated with flowers and natural materials from the region. Yavi was the town where both viceroyships joined; at present, it is the meeting point of the ancestral doctrines which arrive from the area of influence, which share the religious cult.

Misachico
It is an ancient religious expression which is announced by bombos, erkes and bombs to worship a saint on his day and covers the road from its settlement to a church where mass is celebrated in his honor.

The Carnival
The carnival is known above the frontiers of the province, the typical passivity of the inhabitants vanishes during the celebrations in the Quebrada de Humahuaca and the Puna. The Quebrada and the Puna burst in an explosion of color and noise. It starts with the ceremony of the unburial of the Pujillay, the devil of carnival, from the tomb where it was buried the year before. The dances begin, everybody looks for a mate for them. They revolt their ponchos and albahacos, the carnavalito fills all the streets of the villa, the celebrations go on dancing, playing with water, flour and serpentines during the night. The celebrations last eight days, each village has its rites. La Quiacahas different customs compared to Abra Pampa, Yavi and Santa Catalina. The eighth day, the different groups meet round the tomb of the devil to bury it.

Latin American and National Students' Festivity
The antepenultimate week of September it is held this celebration. It is A large festivity where the youth meet at the San Martin Park. The high school students from the whole province meet, they build chariots covered with paper flowers, lights and movement. The celebrations include the election of the national queen of the students, a student congress and competences.

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