Turismo en Argentina
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Información de Argentina
   Introduction
   The limits
   The name of Argentina
   The capital
   The National Symbols 
   Physics looks
   Relief
   Hydrography
   Climate
   Flora
   Fauna
  Geo areas
   Introduction
   Pampeana
   Chaqueña
   Mesopotámica
   Mountains Pampeanas
   Nothwest
   Andean region Cuyana
   Andean Patagonia
   Patagonia-extraandina
 Economic resources
   Agriculture
   Forest production
   Cattle
   Fishing activity
   Mining
   Energy
   Industry
   Comunications
   Population
   Tourism
   Transports
   Railroads
   Roads
   Navegation
   Aeronavegation
 
 
  
 
 
The National Symbols
Bandera Argentina

 

 

 

 

Sol de la Bandera

 

 

 

 

Flecos de bandera

 

 

 

 

Bandera

 

 

 

 

El escudo Nacional

 

 

 

 

 
The Argentina flag
 

The first Triumvirate instituted in February of 1812 the use of the National Escarapela of the Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata whose colors must be the target and the celestial blue; color that they had already made their appearance in the days of the Revolution of May of 1810.In February of 1812, the General Manuel Belgrano in Rosario, on the ravines of the river Paraná and before the troops of the batteries "Independence" and "Libertad", enarbola for the first time the flag that ordered to make according to the colors of the national escarapela.

Only four years later, the 20 of Julio 1816, the Congress of Tucumán consecrated the celestial and white pavilion definitively that according to the most trustworthy testimonies in the time, these they were the colors of the order of the king from Spain, Carlos III.
In February of 1818 the Congress of Tucumán gathered in Buenos Aires, prepared that the flag should take on its white fringe a Sun.

The same one is the figured of the currency of eight shields and of that of real silver of eight that is engraving in the first Argentinean currency, for Law of the Sovereign Constituent General Assembly of 13 April of 1813, with the 32 rays flamígeros and right, placed alternatingly and in the same position that is observed in those currencies, being their color the yellow of the gold.

This sun is the same one that takes in its center the Presidential Band. It has been instituted June 20 like Day of the Flag, in homage to the General Manuel Belgrano, deceased in fact 20 June of 1820.

 
The National Shield
 

Until it settled the Constituent General Assembly of 1813, a stamp it didn't exist to legalize the government acts, because they came being used the stamps of the real weapons that were stamped in the documents during the Viceroyalty. In the face of such a necessity, the Assembly began to use an own stamp, inspired by a model that the Peruvian Antonio composed in 1812 Isidro of Castro for disposition of Bernardino Rivadavia and that he speaks to him been presented to the First Triumvirate.

Although there is not law neither I decree that establishes their use, the same one it was used 22 February of 1813 for the first time, when being stamped it with it seals in two citizenship letters sent by the Assembly, with the signatures of the president of the body, General Carlos María of Alvear and the secretary, Don Hipólito Vieytes.

It is considered that their fringe showed the legend "In Union and Freedom"; the existence of the same one is endorsed by the ordinance of 13 March of 1813, with which the General Assembly orders to the Supreme court to Be able to Executive the use of the same stamp, with the only difference that the inscription of the circle is the one of "Supremo Poder Ejecutivo de las Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata"

The National Shield arose of this stamp, being considered that it passed to have the investiture of symbol of nationality, when the General Belgrano made it stamp in the banner blessed in Jujuy in May of 1812, and that then it was deposited in the Town council of this city.

Their definitive form was fixed in 1900 by Estanislao S. Zeballos, in those moments Secretary of State; and their archetype, settled down in 1944.

It possesses the characteristic it forms oval, with their field divided in two barracks: the blue superior, represents the Justice, the Truth, the Loyalty and the Fraternity; the white inferior, symbol of Purity, Faith, Nobility, Integrity, Stability and Obedience.

In the barracks inferior two arms skillful nudes, they intertwine their hands, representing the fraternal union of the men and of the towns, they sustain a pike symbol of the Authority, the Control, the Dignity and the Sovereignty in whose extreme and already on the superior field, a cap frigio is located that represents the Freedom, the Equality and the Sacrifice.

To both sides of the shield, two laurel guides, in symbol of Victoria and of Gloria, united under the heraldry with a tape knot with the national colors.

In the superior part, a nascent sun, in gold, with rays flamígeros and alternate rectums, represents the Truth, the Majesty and the Prosperity and it possesses the sense of a new Nation that arises to the universal concert, full of splendor and of glory, pure and radiant as the Sun whose desire is to live luminously, in eternal dawn.

 
The National Hymn
 
In 6 of March of 1813, the Constituent General Assembly commissioned the deputy Vicente López y Planes, to edit the text of the one that would be the only national march, approved as such by that Sovereign Body May 11 1813. The Hymn sings in its verses the war emancipadora and the glories of the town that it conquered the freedom to coast of big sacrifices.

The first score that accompanied the poem was composed by Blas Parera, and the tradition indicates that it was sung for the first time in the doña living rooms María Sánchez de Thompson and Mendeville, patrician lady of significant performance in that stage of our independence.

The musical version adopted officially corresponds the one published in 1860 by the musician Juan Pedro Esnaola, with the title Argentinean National Hymn