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History of Parana
Casa de Gobierno en Parana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paraná, the capital city doesn't have a foundation act. It arose spontaneously as a consequence of the immigration from Santa Fe, the city placed on the other riverbank. About 1700 it was called Baxada.

Later on, it was called as the river that surrounded it "Paraná" that means "Sea Relative" in Guaraní language. The del Rosario Virgin image, arrived at the chapel in 1730.

Its most important dates were: 1854, it became the Capital City of the Confederación Argentina. In 1994, it became the opening session seat of the Constituent Convention, where the National Constitution was reformed.

The Paraná River ravines can reach 85 meters height, that is why they are a natural viewing point. The city streets are full of old trees and there are a lot of fishing and sport boats on the river, so the landscape is a very peculiar one.

 
Paraná City's urban-architectural patrimony
 

When the first inhabitants settled and the central area was consolidated different kinds of corridors were generated having very interesting viewing points. Paraná has very important old buildings. The cathedral, the government's House, the Centennial School, etc, would be the same if the environment that surrounds them was destroyed. The "paranaense" architecture can be divided into several periods:

  • From 1730 to 1850: colonial architecture
  • From 1850 to 1880: the Confederation architecture
  • From 1880 to 1910: the Liberalism architecture
  • From 1910 to 1940: the elegant architecture
  • From 1940 to 1960: rationalism and nationalism
  • From 1960 to 1980: modern movement.
 
Colonial architecture
 
Due to the fact that Santa Fe has an important influence on the area, the population was organized in small ranches, which buildings were precarious ones. From 1730 onwards, the first house fronts were built. Inside there were housings made of straw and mud. The great architects of the time were the Jesuits, but they didn't live in the region.
 
The Confederation Architecture
 

The second period began with the necessity of public buildings and housings for the officials such as jurists, journalists, writers, etc. This period shows the Italian influence on its architecture, an influence of the historicism that was a current that revalued the old architecture: Doric, Ionic or Corinthian, pilasters, Roman arches, etc.

The government of the Confederation didn't have too many resources, since the contribution of the counties was very difficult of controlling. This period has prints of an architecture with Italian spirit, an influence of the historicismo, current was given that revalues the architecture of the antiquity. Doric, ionic or Corinthian columns, pilasters of the manierismo, Roman arches of half point, treatment of having padded in the basements of the facade, they are some of the examples that compose this architecture.

 
Liberalism Architecture
 

It imitated the French and English cultures, who represented the liberalism. At the same time the Italian influence was strong too. Also, it arrives the manpower and Italian experience of the hand of the immigration. The predominant styles were the Eclectic and Neos. It spreads the use of materials as the iron, foundry columns with Corinthian capitals, foils of zinc and others. The outstanding styles were the Eclectic and Neos. The cathedral, the government's House, the 3 de Febrero Theater, the Municipality and the Centennial School belonged to this period.

 
Elegant architecture
 

It is represented by the splendid housings that belonged to the economically consolidated bourgeoisie. The example was Buenos Aires City bourgeoisie, this fact would be repeated along history. There was a changing of the Italian style by the French one. There were a lot of marquees, and staircases. The facades were made of stony materials, in soft neuter colors without academic rigidity.

 
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