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Córdoba
 
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History of Córdoba
Acceso a la ciudad de Córdoba

 

 

 

Capilla Jesuítica en Córdoba

 

 

 

Moderno Shopping en Córdoba

 

 

 

Interior de Capilla en Córdoba

 

 

 

 

Catedral de Córdoba

 

 

 

 

Centro de convenciones

 

 

 

 

Palacio de Justicia de Córdoba

 

 

 

 

Detalle de la catedral de Córdoba
 
The city of Córdoba was founded July 6 1573 by gift Jerónimo Luis of Goatherd, born in Seville, belonging to the average colonizadora of the Peru. Province of the Tucumán, with the mission of providing from foods, dresses and mule livestock to the mining center of Potosí and being a strategic point of scale between the High Peru and the River Plate.

The place was inhabited by the aboriginal comechingones that you/they lived in communities denominated "ayllus"; they were bearded, they inhabited semiburied housings and they practiced agriculture.
The first urban establishment was organized in a strong one, in the heights of the current neighborhood Yapeyú, respecting the aboriginal location in the valley of Quizquisacate, beside the river, according to they sent it the Laws of Indies.

The apple located to the center of the grid was dedicated for the biggest square and to its surroundings the lots would be located for the Town council and the Main Church. The religious communities were present from the first times.

Toward 1608 the Maximum School settled down, of the Parents Jesuit, and five years later settled the University, one of the oldest from America. In 1622 it begins to work the Dry Customs and in 1699 Córdoba it is headquarters of the bishopric of the Tucumán. This way, the city is administrative center, religious and educational of the region.

In 1767 the Jesuit are expelled and newly in 1783, with the Bourbon reformations, a bigger economic movement will be given with the creation of the Government Intendency of Córdoba of the Tucumán, in 1783, and the arrival of the Marquis of SobreMonte. It was during their administration (1784-1797) when they were carried out very important public works.

Produced the movement of 1810, Córdoba sends to Buenos Aires to the dean Domingo Funes who from there it will defend the interests of the interior. It also intervenes with weapons and men. Ten years later will enter in the political scene the brigadier Juan Bautista Bustos, governor between 1820 and 1829, and the general José María Paz that will be it between 1829 and 1831. Overcome the wars fraticidas, Córdoba will experience a lingering period of
still during the federal Manuel's administration López (1835-1852).

Two years after the sanction of the Constitution of the Argentinean State (1853), Córdoba approved his, establishing the municipal régime in substitution of the town councils, already missing in the governor's Bustos (1824).
The municipal system settles in the city in 1857, as a collegiate body formed by fifteen members and a president, with executive and deliberative tasks at the same time. The constitutional reformation of 1870 believes the Council Communal Executioner and the Deliberative Council.

The national Census of 1869 already apparent the contribution inmigratorio with the arrival of Spaniards, Italian, French and English, incorporating new values that they will contrast with the traditional ones.
The arrival of the Railroad, the installation of Astronomical Observatory, the opening of bank houses and the radicación of agricultural colonies will transform to the city into administration center and redistribution of goods and knot of communications.
Parallelly they will go being organized the neighborhoods, called originariamente towns that will house a population in growth.

The decade of 1880 it accelerates the process of urban development. The officials and businessmen will be committed with the liberal project, inmersos in an activity that alone it will suffer an interruption in 1890.

The census of 1895 tells us that the city of Córdoba skirted the 55.000 inhabitants who enjoyed electric illumination and service of waters currents, thank you, this last, to the works of the dike San Asleep. The beginnings of the XX century mark the pavimentación of the streets, the one spread of bridges, the ornamentation of the squares, the construction of sidewalks, the layout of avenues and boulevards, the design of housings with gardens and other advances tipificantes that accuse the presence of the European style and the impronta of the manufacturers immigrants. The first three five year period of the century are characterized by important movements migratory interns of the field of the city, to more than the contingents of the exterior.

In 1914, the urban public land already had 134.935 inhabitants.
With the radical presidency of Hipólito Yrigoyen, in 1916, Córdoba will present the particularity that its governments will be of conservative orientation, in a situation that will stay until half-filled of the decade of 1930. They will stand out in that period the figures of the governors Ramón Cárcano, Rafaél Núñez, Jerónimo del Barco, Julio A. Roca and Emilio Olmos.

From the University of Córdoba it is imposed, in 1918, an orientation change and transformations. The University Federation of Córdoba rises against the academic authorities after a democratization of its cloisters.
In October of 1927 settles the Military Factory of Airplanes, initial kick of the industrial development of the county. This will motivate the radicación of new nuclei of residents, being developed wide residence sectors.

The 1936 assume the government of the county the doctor Amadeo Sabattini who undertakes an important public work, supplemented in the city with the intendant's task Donato Latella Frías. In the years 40 the consolidation of the internal market grows by means of the industrial development. In 1947, the city supreme 386.000 inhabitants.

The action of the shops of the Military Aeronautics enlarged in considerable form after 1950 with the installation of big factories of American and European origin, dedicated to the production of automobiles, tractors, boxcars, teams rail and big motors, activity that was added to that of the chemical industries and metalúrgicas. In 1954, the county counted with more than 14.000 industrial establishments, with 66.012 used people.

They deserve to stand out in the innovations: the brigadier Juan Ignacio San Martin, governor between 1949 and 1951, and the intendant Manuel Martin Federico (1951-1954).

For 1960 the inhabitants from Córdoba were 589.000; ten years later arrived at 801.000. In 1980 the figures threw 993.000 and at the present time the number estimativo belongs to 1.300.000 inhabitants. In 1955, from Córdoba the revolutionary process was gestated that caused the fall of the general Perón's constitutional government. Rechanneled the democratic life, the county will have another outstanding governor, the doctor Arturo Zanichelli.

After the governments of Justo Páez Molina, governor, and Victor Martínez, intendant, Córdoba became one of the main focuses of socio-political uncertainty whose significant pick constituted it the well-known popular movement as "The Cordobazo", produced May 29 1969.

It was this a decade of marked union movement and the beginning of the appearance of for-military organizations that would begin to act in the following years. The participation of the Armed forces came to interrupt a new constitutional government. In Córdoba, amid a marked social confusion, the constitutional destinations were governed in a beginning by the Dr. Ricardo Obregón Cano. The years that happened him they can be characterized by the fear and it keels her of the citizenship until the return to the institutional order.
Viajoporargentina - Información turística sobre la República Argentina
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