The limitations imposed to the biggest cynegetic activity, reduce the description of the systems to apply to two species and three regions. The puma and the pecarí (labiado or of necklace) as for the animals and the high mountain, the buffer area between the mountain range and the plain and the pure wild area.
In all them, when saying of the baqueanos that accompany the hunter and that they are indispensable," the important thing is to have good dogs." It fits an explanation referred to the dogs to use here, since in other domestic regions it has become already common the use of true packs of Argentinean bulldogs and in other it is used in yoke of oxen or in more groups the Airedale terrier. In the case of the vast regions of the north and of the northwest the term "good dogs" itrefers pure and exclusively to the dog baqueano, anyone is their size, origin (in most of the cases impossible to define) and coat. We have checked personally, in several opportunities and through several decades that the compatriot of the area considers the baquía like a very defined race. It is not that it demands from their dog a permanent disposition to the sacrifice or the confrontation fatal risky, many times for the dog when it is a fed puma or of a whole herd of pecaríes. The compatriot (when itis hunter, stiller) it wants that the dog is good to detect, to rake and to locate the prey, be this of the species that fuere. On the other hand, the compatriot makes casus omissus of dispositions or regulations, since it is governed by rules of convenience that have to do directly with his country property and his personal security, in many cases, to many kilometers of all populated place and therefore he decides in the place and in the moment.
The dog baqueano is, like we said, a common mestizo dog. It sometimes ends up being stout, other, it is small, so much that it doesn't end up maintaining enough it distances with the prey because their gallop is short. As it is the fruit of you cross multiple among the raised dog and the pack of males that follow it, of the same litter leave stout dogs or of smaller size. And itstays the condition of skilled scanners in general for the minor and of good fighters for those of more size. The compatriot, on the other hand, is very practical in the selection of his assistants and it discards immediately those that give signs of being" maulas" and in this case the appellative can be translated as cowards, or pusillanimous, or not very willful.
We speak of the packs and we leave for the end those of the dogs" veadeiros" of Missions. This dog, of reddish brown color, was obtained by natural selection among the packs that accompanied the first residents of the" sertao" Brazilian. Plethoric of fauna of medium hair, especially the deer of the pampas and the call corzuela, the atmosphere imposed the use of that practically gratuitous meat. A dog of size median arose this way, long paws and I nuzzle in tip, with teeth filosos and sharp. It is a great scanner and it attacks, when it acts in pack, without hesitar. Undoubtedly the fight is very limited, since itdoesn't dare with the puma, the yaguareté, the bear big anthill (" tamanduá flag") all them of great force and filosas claws. The certain thing is that the" veadeiro" (of veado, Portuguese; deer) it has collaborated with the hunters of the northeast, but their fame didn't reach the plains of it Salta and much less the area precordillerana.
In such a way the hunter that seeks to travel the most suitable areas for the biggest hunt in this extensive county will should, in first term, to suit with the guides the provision of packs and mounts. Starting from there the hunt will be possible.
We said before the biggest hunt is based on two preys of similar importance én its quality of trophies, the puma and the pecarí. The difference also rests in the dispersion areas. While the puma frequents the plain boscosa and the mountain moor nonchalantly, the pecarí on the other hand always prefers the forest. This tayasuido, distant relative of the boar and also of the domestic pig, itneeds the wild tangle to find more easily in her their sustenance, formed for bay of different trees, roots, larvas. The pecarí, also, doesn't hesitate in assaulting fields and deposits of grains and for that reason it constitutes a constant concern for the farmers of the area. That is the main cause for which most of the counties enable every year the pecaríes hunt.
Of both, the one considered more aggressive it is the pecarí labiado or Moorish. The other one, the necklace pecarí or" collarejo" it is of smaller size (about 40 cm . to the cross). Both are of gregarious customs, but the biggest herds correspond to the collarejo and the most aggressive, to the labiado. In this respect, we have attended, in the east of it Salta, italready makes several decades, to a" traveled" of mount, system of qualification that the lumbermen use to determine the quality of the trees that you are sold in foot. That traveled was carried out in baqueanos company, one of those which took a pack of notable mestizos stubs, since most of they showed scars of eyeteeth and claws. The memories of that type are firm in the memory. The pack was of twelve dogs. When they finished the one traveled they were eight, four had fallen in the ferocious encounters with the animals of the forest, very especially with a pecaríes herd of the one which, regrettably for those that were hunters, we could not obtain any prey. What we don't doubt was never the presence of the beasts and we corroborate it soon after when receiving two skins of pecarí labiado, gift of one of the compatriots that had had the" luck"' of facing with a group smaller than those tayasuidos and very practical being in the handling of their carbine.
It fits the explanation, with regard to the easiness conque they can get lost several dogs in that search type, about the form of to attack and to defend of the pecaríes. The case of the labiado, for example, is typical. Although the anecdotes are plentiful it has more than enough hunters sieged by the beasts that demolished the tree and they didn't hesitate in being had a snack the unhappy hunter, let us say that both copies accustom to act on the whole. Itdoesn't hesitate in attacking in group and it achieves this way many times to escape from the claws of the puma or of the yaguareté or jaguar. With the human being and with the horses it is much more cautious and in the almost entirety of the cases opts to give croups and to leave stampede.
In the same form her bigger relative, the European boar acts the one which, when you are threatened, her classics alarm grunts and she runs for the forest. It is in that opportunity that you can be dangerous, as much the boar as the pecarí, in the case of being a person in the direction that takes the herd. On the other hand, if it is able to put before him some obstacle, as a trunk of medium grosor, it is for sure the herd will pass to its side like an exhalation and itwill get lost in the tangle without another consequence that the unavoidable moment of anxiety.
To conclude this part of the review, let us say that the care of the pack depends exclusively on the interest that the owner of the dogs has for his assistants. The hunter will cover areas in those which the displacement, on foot or to horse, be not so difficult that it prevents him to arrive to the scenario of one packed or of a fight in advance so delayed that the dogs are at the mercy of the colmilludos characters. It is the same thing that happens with the hunt from the boar to knife. The certain thing is that it is hunts" parforce", like they say the French and therefore violent, quick, only possible for sportsmen that have conserved an enviable physical state.
The other system is on foot the rececho, but with subject dogs until being raked fresh. Located this way the herd, it will be then question of minutes to loose the dogs and to follow them. We should point out that most of the guides at the present time, in the face of the possibility of carrying out hired several exits, they prefer the prepared hunt ahead of time before the one traveled improvised that it can mean him the loss of their valuable assistants.
The puma implies another system, another hunt and another type of physical demand. The hunt of a puma generally obeys the fact of having made this some or several misdeeds. This félido, together with the yaguareté, the one bigger than America , marauds in the populated areas when a great decrease of their natural allowances, as the rabbits, hares, smaller deer, pecaríes and birds of all type condemn him to the hunger. It is then that itcomes closer to the corrals or smaller country property concentrations, as the case of ovinos and caprinos. In the Andes of the south the decrease of the gump made of the puma a hijacker of sheepfolds. In the north and northwest, especially in the area precordillerana, the great cat acts in the same way and it attacks the sheepfolds and the small flocks of goats that, in the area of the high summits, they go into for valleys and gulches in search of the few tender grasses.
Such that related by neighbors of the area of Cachi, beyond the Bishop's Hill, in the area of the high summits. In that area the puma that acts in company of the fox in the search of the newspaper sustenance, usually snatches at sight some kid and the caretaker's of the flock patience, generally a creature of not more than ten years. The watch settles down with two or several dogs, but the puma is very astute and it achieves his purpose many times. It is when the villager comes to an agreement with other neighbors and he decides the combing to finish with the damages.
At the moment and when the audacity of the puma becomes very onerous, it is opted to contact hunters' of different populated centers groups, especially of the capital and other cities of the county. With the constant one to promote of the cynegetic activity, the villagers, in some cases, communicate with the hunt clubs and these in turn with tourist companies in charge of safaris with local clients and of the exterior.
The hunt is carried out by means of baqueanos and, when it is located the feline relatively itmeets a regular quantity of dogs baqueanos and the horsemen concentrate on certain next point to the preseted place. The hunt is generally a pure rececho, that is to say that the hunters try of forcing the wild animal to leave its den. For itswims it better than harassing her with dogs. This way, the puma will opt to sink in the bottom of some cave or to escape to the career in search of some thickness of vegetation, quite thin by the way as it is it all plant xerófila but also very resistant. In general the harassed animal ends up ascending to the glass of a tree and there it is located by the barks of the dogs and finally finished to rifle shots or shotgun with posts.
This whole shallow description would indicate a simple slaughter if it was not surrounded of a series of demands and sacrifices that many times include spending the night to open sky, with icy or escarchilla, emponchados next to a brief fire of" cow firewood." As compensation, the hunter will have the opportunity to know regions at the moment maintained inside the landscape and the form of life of more than one century ago.
Another of the systems that is applied in the flat area, boscosa, is the hunt to the watching that is generally completed by means of the use of an alive bait. It is almost always a cabritillo, but the baqueanos they sustain that the more rendidor, so much for the puma as, in the case of the areas of the continent where their hunt, the yaguareté, the certain prey is allowed is the alive pig. Also in these circumstances the previous reports of the villagers are required with regard to the activity of the felines. In the forest, the commission of misdeeds of the pumas is quite smaller, since it is plentiful the wild life there, rabbits, cuises, corzuelas, monkeys, charatas, pavas of the mount, partridges, that is to say, the whole wide range that constitutes the habitual food of the puma. However, it usually happens that the big felines opt for the" it hunts easy."