The rivers of Catamarca are featured by the narrow flows, they increase their flow during the summer when the snow from the mountains melt and there are heavy rains.
There are some rivers which have a regular flow like the Tala, Abaucán, Andalgalá, Belén and Santa María. The last two rivers together with the Colorado del Norte and the Tinogasta are used for irrigation.
Another river which runs through the province is the Salado, which belongs to the Desaguadero System. this river is born in Catamarca,goes along La Rioja where it is called Blanco and drains into the Bermejo, with the name of Zanjón or Jachal, after a course of 640 km. In the central area, to the north, the Blanca and Colorada Ponds are.
They are at more than 3,000 m of altitude. They are on the salt-lands, among the most important are the Antofallas, Pipanaco and the Salinas Grandes.