The province of Catamarca is very rich if one keeps in mind the great variety of climates and mainly its geographical aspect. In the areas of the salares they are rushes and cachiyuyo, in the areas aledañas it is plentiful the chañar, tunales and cardones and in the areas of the mount the pruning, jurillas, pitches, locusts, mistol, drunk stick and cactus are developed. In the forest and subtropical forests are developed rosy lapachos, alisos, cobiles, ferns, strawberries and wild lilies among others. While in the areas of high mountain and puna they are located the goat horn, rich rich, summon-summon and chacoma among others.
The Western Mount, is characterized by the scarce precipitations, the vegetation arbustiva and subarbustiva xerófila and the herbaceous vegetation of gramineous of hard grasses. The characteristic species of the mount are the jarilla, the chañar, the piquillín and the locust.
The Jarilla is a bush that reaches the two meters high, it is divided from the floor in thin and serpentine, very ramified branches, taking thin, small leaves, dísticas, covered with resin or of silver hair, and it produces yellow flowers during the summer.
The Chañar in the mount is alone a bush or low arbolito whose trunk loses the bark of previous years and it emits from very below cut, bent branches that take small and glaucous leaves, its flower is yellow and small and its fruit is a drupe of sugary pulp and mucilaginosa appreciated by the men and animals multiplies with a lot of easiness.
The piquillín is very ramified from the base, forming hemispheric undergrowths of dark green color, due to the abundant small, oval, coriaceous leaves and glabras. It produces small berries of red or black color felt like by certain animals.
The Locust offers a very exploited wood and a fruit that it constitutes a food very appreciated by the man and the animals. With the flour of the fruits they get ready cakes (patay) and for fermentation it is obtained the it houses, an alcoholic drink. It is common to find them beside the courses of water. The forests have been roughdressed by the man's exploitation and for the advance of the dunes, like it happens in Fiambalá.