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Pintura de lafundacion de Buenos Aires
Plano de la ciudad de 1700
EScudo de la ciudad de Buenos Aires
Their history goes back at February of 1536, 3 it dates in that Don Pedro of Mendoza is founded, next to the Creek, the "Port of Ntra. Mrs. of Santa María del Buen Ayre", population that is abandoned later on due to the constant embate of the Indian querandíes.
June of 1580, 11 are founded by second time by Juan de Garay who denominates it Ciudad de la Santisima Trinidad, conserving the port the name of Buenos Aires. Of this primitive group of ranches a population of accented activity that is constituted in capital of the Government of Buenos Aires in times of the Viceroyalty, arises slowly and in 1820 of the province of Buenos Aires, and that capital of the country is declared by law 1.029 sanctioned by the Congress the 20 of September of 1880, becoming this way political, administrative, economic and cultural center of the Republic Argentina the one that counting with hardly 0,007% of the territorial surface (200 km²), 2.960.976 inhabitants that are equal to 9,10% of the national population's total concentrates.

For Law Nº 23.512 of May of 1987, 28 the National Congress approved the transfer from the Federal Capital to the erected urban nuclei and to be erected in the area of the current cities of Viedma and Guard Mitre in the province of Río Negro and Carmen de Patagonian in the province of Buenos Aires, in the left riverbank of the Río Negro that crosses the area of the new Capital Federal that will be once the headquarters of the authorities compliment the article 5° of the law referred to the qualification of the local and enough facilities, capable for the acting of the authorities that, by virtue of the National Constitution, they exercise the federal government.

In their article 6º the Law determined that the city of Buenos Aires would continue being capital of the Republic until that prepared precedently being completed, moment starting from the one which, with its current limits, it would constitute a new county, what would mean a new territorial retrenchment to the province of Buenos Aires, since would not be returned him the surface given in 1880 for the installation of the current Capital.

This transfer is without effect for Ordinance of the National Executive Power Nº 1.256 of November 20 1989.

The administrative and juridical régime of the city was modified by the new National Constitution, settling down in its article 129 that the city of Buenos Aires will have autonomous government's régime, with abilities characteristic of legislation and jurisdiction, clarifying that a law will guarantee the interests of the national State, while the city is Capital of the Nation.

The Law Nº 24.588, call of Guarantees, sanctioned November of 1995, 8 established the interests of the state in the city and it fixed an autonomy restricted for the same one. June of 1996, 30 were chosen Government's Boss for the first time by vote of the citizenship in the history of the city; being edited the Constitution that will govern it later on.
Viajoporargentina - Información turística sobre la República Argentina
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