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   The Tango  
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La  tradicional Florida y Corrientes








El teatro Opera








El tradicional asado








El escritor Jorge L. Borges








Carlos Gardel un mito del Tango








Evita en un discurso en 1946







Un gaucho tomando mate






Vista nocturna del teatro Colón








Caminito en La Boca








La  noche proteña








El famoso café Tortoni








Bailando Tango en la calle

It is the most European city among all Latin American capital cities. It is a product of a mixture of human races and cultures, full of history. The Tango's birthplace. Its name comes from the Virgen del Buen Aire of whom Pedro de Mendoza, was a devote.

Buenos Aires neighborhoods
Buenos Aires proper center has got about 20 blocks. Within them, are placed public building, big enterprises' offices, banks and the main cultural institutions. The geometric and geographic center is placed in Avellaneda Street 1023 in Caballito's neighborhood. There you can see a commemorative placed by the Municipality that says:" in this plot number 14, on the block 9, section 45, 7 circumscription, it is placed the city's geometrical center". Buenos Aires grew a lot, giving place to lots of neighborhoods, very characteristic zones because of their buildings, activities and typical shops. "Barrio y arrabal" are two Arabian words that have different meanings. Barrio refers to each one of the parts in which a city is divided, and arrabal refers to the city extreme points.

The buildings of purely Spanish characteristics were replaced by other European styles. The first three stored houses were built in 1887. Along the following years the buildings reached more height. The first high buildings were in the microcenter, and they had up to seven floors. At the beginning of the 20th century, the boom of the buildings construction reached the different public ones so the Medicine School, the Public Work Ministry and the National Industrial School were built.

" Chorizos" houses and "conventillos " : The immigration coming from Europe, gave place to this kind of buildings. Between 1880 and 1886, more than 500 thousand people arrived in the country, so the first urban transformations were introduced by the municipal major Dr. Torcuato de Alvear. The "chorizo" houses were composed of 3 courtyards, the rooms were in line to one side of them. They had stairs, bars and flowery ornaments. They were flashy. The parvenu or upstart house was the same version but poorer, it didn't have neither hall, nor hallway, they have a room on one side, a bathroom and a garden with an entrance way. The rest of the house was built according to the economic resources.

El Conventillo : It lodged most of the immigrants. They were polish, Spanish and Italians among others. They share music and fights in poor places. A lot of houses that were left aside by their owners in 1871 due to the yellow fever, were occupied by these people who came to "hacerse la América". Some vestiges of these conventillos can be seen in San Telmo zone, in the streets Defensa and Humberto Primo and in Lamadrid, Defensa and San Lorenzo streets.

A Buenos Aires' Second World War story


On December 13th, 1939 took place the Rio de la Plata Battle. This event shocked the world and finished with the sinking of the Graf Spee, one of the Third Reich ships. It was the first navy battle of the Second World War. When it began on September 1st, 1939 the ship was at sea, its aim was to destroy English merchant ships. It put prow towards the River Plate following some English ships. While the Graf Spee was going to do its last mission before returning to Germany, 23 English and French warships were tracking it along the oceans. The battle between the Graf Spee and the English ship Exeter, and the cruises Ajax and Achilles began on December 13th. The Exeter withdrew taking 61 dead people on board, but the cruisers followed the Graf Spee during a lot of hours. Finally they took the decision to go to Montevideo Port, going later to Buenos Aires Port. 36 German people died and 96 English ones. The Graf Spee was seriously damaged. The Uruguayan government denied the authorization to stay 15 days in Montevideo to repair it. Hitler's orders to the captain were to lengthen the staying in neutral waters going later to Buenos Aires, and if it would be necessary the effective destruction. Captain Langsdorff, cornered by the other ships, decided to destroy with masses and grenades the secret instrumental, then he installed explosive charges in the Graf Spee. The crew arrived in Buenos Aires and they stayed at the immigrants hotel. Captain Langsdorff kill himself, faithful to tradition. The members of the crew went to different Argentine's cities and they meet in each battle anniversary. The Graf Spee came to an end in the River Plate waters.

Argentine Myths

Carlos Gardel :His father was unknown, and his mother worked ironing clothes. He was born in Toulouse-France, and arrived in Argentine in 1893. At the beginning of the century, in Abasto neighborhood, he began as graphic handcrafter apprentice in San Carlos College, placed in Don Bosco and Yapeyú Streets. It is said that he sang in the college chorus and that his voice was only darkened by the one from Ceferino Namuncura, another student, who later would become sanctified. While he went on his studies, he worked to help his mother. In 1910 he made his debut at a café, placed in Humahuaca and Aguero streets, in front of the Abasto Market. Later he sang at the Café del Pelado at the corner of Moreno and Entre Ríos. There he got in touch with Razzano, and they conformed the famous duet. By that time he was known as "morocho del Abasto". Sometime later Francisco Martino joined them and they conformed a trio, that made tours along Buenos Aires province, they also performed in the most famous bars from Buenos Aires city. In a bar, placed in Esmeralda 443, where today is the Maipo Theater, the first tango "Lita" was officially sang. It is nowadays is known as "Mi noche triste" by Pascual Contursi. He was the first one who used the recording electric system for Nacional Odeón, that was placed on the first floor of the Grand Splendid movie theater. In 1931 he filmed shorts directed by Eduardo Morera. Gardel loved horse races, and one of his friends, gave him his first horse, as a present. It was called "Lunático" and it was ridden by the famous jockey Irineo Leguizamo in Palermo's racetrack. In 1935 Carlos Gardel died in an air crash in Medellín, Colombia. His mortal remains arrived in Buenos Aires in 1936 and were accompanied by a crowd at the Luna Park. His mortal remains arrived at the Chacarita Cemetery, after going along his beloved Corrientes Avenue. There is a common custom in Buenos Aires: people say "Es Gardel" or "Sos Gardel" to identify somebody as the best. Today Gardel is a popular myth.

Eva Perón , was born in Los Toldos in 1919. In 1935 she arrives in Buenos Aires to fulfill her dream to be an actress. She performs her first play in La Señora de Pérez, by Ernesto Marsili, on March 28th, 1935 at the Comedia Theater. Eva Duarte, later known as Evita, acted a maid's role, and the play wasn't successful. Sometime later she acted in Theater's plays like: "Cada casa es un mundo", "Mamada San Gene", and "La dama, el caballero y el ladrón", all of them with Eva Franco's company. Then she entered to Pepita Muñoz' Comedies company, and made a lot of tours inside the country. When she returned, she was again without work, and she got some, for little important companies. Along 4 years she did it so. When she was 20 years old she began acting in radio theaters and she became more famous. Without leaving the radio programs, she began making films. In 1944, there was an earthquake in San Juan. Due to it there was an artistic charity festival and there, she met Gral. Domingo Perón, for the first time. He was Work Secretary, and he was beginning his political career. They got married in 1945, and she collaborated with him in his political action. Later he became Argentine's president. She devoted herself to assistance activities, she created the Eva Perón Foundation, and she carried on the relationships with the Unions. She also assumed Argentine's representation abroad. In 1947, she achieved the sanction of the law that allowed the female vote. Evita went along Buenos Aires neighborhoods, she made sanitary campaigns, she sent food and all kinds of material to help poor people; everything with a magnitude that was unknown in the country. She died in 1952. Her death caused mourning all over the country, and her body was embalmed and showed to the crowds. Her mortal remains were left at the CGT (Confederación Nacional del Trabajo). When Perón was overthrown in 1955. Evita's corpse disappeared. In 1972, it was known that it had been taken out of the country and that she had been buried in Italy. In 1974, during Perón's third government, his mortal remains were brought into Argentine. First they were taken to the Quinta Presidencial de Olivos, and later from 1976 they are definitely buried in La Recoleta Cemetery. The song "No llores por mi Argentina" from the rock opera by Tim Rice, and Andrew Lloyd Webber, turned all over the world and was successful in London and New York. Oliver Stone filmed here in Argentina "Evita". Madonna performed her character. She was one of the biggest Argentine's myths.

Jorge Luis Borges : He was born in Buenos Aires on August 24th, 1899. He made his studies at home and at the public school placed in Thames street. He lived and studied in Europe from 1914 to 1921. When he returned to Buenos Aires he became the head of Prisma magazine. In 1925 he enters the Florida Group, and he works for Martín Fierro magazine. In 1928 he published "El idioma de los Argentinos". He got the second poetry municipal prize, because of his work "Cuadernos de San Martín". He gets in touch with Victoria Ocampo and Adolfo Bioy Casares and in 1940 they published "Antología de la Literatura Fantástica". The Argentine Writers' Society granted him the great honor prize, because of his work, "Ficciones". Among 1950 and 1953 he became blind, and he dedicated himself to give lectures at Buenos Aires French Institute. He got married twice. The first time with Elsa Astete Millán, and the second one, with María Kodama, who nowadays is constantly promoting his work. In 1973 he was appointed as Buenos Aires city "illustrious Citizen". He died in Ginebra in 1986. There, he had lived along his last years.
The Gaucho

It is an Argentine character that appeared at the end of XVIII century. He was the son of white male immigrants and Indian mothers. He was not very respected and sometimes he was treated contemptuously. His appearance was as the one of a man with long hair hidden under a hat, he had got a beard and a moustache too. His clothes were peculiar, consisting of pants, chiripá and poncho. He wore colt bots and a kind of belt that holded the facón. He was an expert in the use of slipping knots, and hunting slings. He knew a lot about horse-riding too. His main ideals were: freedom and independence. He lived alone in the middle of the country without a fixed residence. He was, keen, intelligent and hospitable, very cautious with people from abroad. Nowadays, the common country men who make the rural tasks are called gauchos.

The Tango

It started as a dance at the end of the last century, between immigration and progress. Later the song appeared. The first orchestras were trios that played the guitar, the violin and the flute. Later on, the "Bandoneon" was included. While in Europe, it caused "fury", here it was not accepted by the church. Till 1916 it was danced by men among themselves while they were waiting at the brothels. The Tango is a song full of sadness and pain; it is related to the immigrants who were alone. It has got African and Spanish roots, and it is related to the "Andalusian Tango" and to the Cuban "Habanera". Buenos Aires city municipality decided to celebrate de Tango's Day. So from December 11th 1977, date corresponding both to Carlos Gardel and Julio Decaro's Birthdays it is celebrated. From 1991, Buenos Aires has a tango's University.

Colón Theather

Its construction was finished in 1908. During its inauguration, the opera Aída by Giuseppe Verdi was heard. Its main hall shows the mastership work of Italian handcrafters that worked the stucco to cover it. The vitraux are from France, the marbles from Carrara, Verona and Portugal, and its immense dome was painted by Raúl Soldi. The theater was managed by Buenos Aires municipality from 1925 onwards. Its infrastructure allows to offer the best world's spectacles. It has a stable ballet; and two orchestras. The first building was placed where nowadays is the Argentine National Bank, in front of the Mayo Square. Presently, it is placed among the streets Libertad, Tucumán, Viamonte and Cerrito. You can enter through Libertad street. When you get into it you can see a gallery of busts of Mozart, Bizet, Verdi and Wagner among others. The main hall has a horseshoe shape. It is wonderful because of its chandeliers, brass ornaments and its incredible acoustic. The dome has a chandelier that weights 1500Kg and it has more than 450 bulbs. The official season of the shows about singing, ballet, operas and concerts is from April to November. The ones that are mentioned are only a little sample of the wonderful things you can find in this art's palace. Scenography, costumes, and carpentry's workshops are placed in its underground, and you can visit them with guides. On its boards performed: Strauss, Stravinsky; Béjart and Maia Plissetskaya. Address: Toscanini 1180. PN: 4382-6632) Covered surface: 37.884 m2. Stage; 32,25m by 34,50m. Gyratory Disc: 20,30 m diameter 72 thousand suits and dresses from different epochs. 65 thousand wigs 40 thousand ornamental pieces 40 thousand show pieces 1300 employees work there


Polo : It was introduced by the middle of XIX century by British immigrants. Argentine got Polo's world championships and their good players are very well known. The Argentine horses for this sport are recognized to world level.
Pato : It was declared national sport. It started at the beginning of XVII century. Its was the horse riders' dispute of a dead duck wrapped in leather. Presently the game is composed of two teams with 4 horse-riders each, who, through several passes try to introduce the duck in a ring placed perpendicularly on a post of 2,40m height located in the middle of each one of the field heads.
Football : Argentine passion. This sport is practically the favorite one. It consists of a ball game, integrated by two teams with 11 regular players, and 11 more as reserve players. The most important clubs are: River Plate, Boca Juniors, San Lorenzo de Almagro, Ferrocarril Oeste, Vélez Sarsfield, Huracán, Racing Club and Independiente among others.

Football matches inRiver/Boca Stadiums

During all the year there are football matches and tournaments. It is very interesting to see a match between the most important sport clubs.

Boca: It is called La Bombonera, it is according to the fans, the passion of "a half plus one".

River: It is called Monumental de Nuñez, there are a lot of important classical matches there. Besides there are many musical festivals like: The Rolling Stones, Madonna, Sting and Michael Jackson.

Typical regional meals and articles

Gastronomy : The cow meat is the basis of the Argentine's alimentation. The meat consumption average per capita is about 78Kg a year. Other important foods are pastas, they come from Italian customs. There are different kinds of them. The ñoquis, italian pasta, keeps and old tradition that consists of putting money under the plate as a signal of good luck and finances. It is done on 29th each month. The "Milanesas a caballo" are a national meal. Besides, other typical foods are: humita, carbonada, locro and empanadas with different kinds of stuff such as meat, chicken, tune, ham, cheese, etc. The chimichurri is a hot sauce. It is made of parsley, garlic, species, oil, vinegar, pepper and salt. The revuelto Gramajo is another typical food. It consist of light pieces of raw han, shaken eggs and potato slices. The milk jelly is a traditional argentine product. The national wines are very good ones. They satisfy the internal market, and they are also worldly recognized. Other important drink is beer. There is a consumption average of 25 to 30 liters per capita a year. The national ones are preferred to the imported ones because of its taste and its cost.

The mate: The word mate comes from the quechua "mathi", that means "small pumpkin". It is prepared with an herb called mate, that is a traditional consumption plant. It is shared with Uruguay, Brazil and Paraguay. You have to add water to the herb and sugar or sugar substitute; you can add thin orange slices or lemon ones modifying its taste. The mate container may be made of different materials like, wood, plastic, metal or the pumpkin itself. Within the container you introduce a nozzle, to take it. You can have

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