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History of Junin
Avenida Roque Saenz Peña

 

 

 

Club náutico Laguna de Gomez

 

 

 

Colegio Normal Superior

 

 

 

Club náutico Laguna de Gomez

 

 

 

Monumneto Triada

 

 

 

Muelle en Laguna de Gomez

 

 

 

Municipalidad de Junin

 

 

 

Museo Angel M. Rosa
 
September 27 1826 the then president of the Nation, Bernardino Rivadavia, emits an ordinance in which orders to establish three strong with the purpose of enlarging the frontier line. Strong one of these three was that of The Potroso and in August of 1827, it is designated Juan Manuel of Rosas so that it occupies the position of Major General of Opposite. The layout of the strong one of The Potroso is in the engineer's hands Teodoro Schuster who recommends not to lift the outpost in the Hill Colorado, just as it was foreseen, but making it to 21 blocks of that place, in the left riverbank of the Salado river.
In 1829 a rising takes place in the strong one headed by two commanders of the place. The rebellion is contained thanks to working of the soldier Isidoro Suárez who in 1824 it had participated in the battle of Junín for the freedom of Peru. In homage to their work in the defense of the strong one the Fort name of the Federation is changed and it begins him to him to call Junín. The year 1830 find practically abandoned and uninhabited to the fort. Many of the ranches are completely destroyed because of the time and of the frequent attacks of the Indians.
During the government of Roses, the commandant José Followed position of the fort one it is made. He was an African that had arrived to the country integrating a contingent of slaves. He unites then to the army and he stands out in some stocks. Prosecuting tenacious of Indians and faithful servant of Rosas, it was very severe during the 12 years that their command lasted. In 1863, their body was found completely destroyed in the field that Roses had given him.
In 1852, year in which falls the régime rosista, the Fort of the Federation it recaptures the name of Junín again and the situation is preocupante. It is no longer Rosas to negotiate with the Indians. Repeated malones razes the fort one and they force its residents to look for asylum and protection in the interior. For this time there was not neither it cures neither doctor. There were not school neither church and the soldiers lack the necessary weapons and of an appropriate feeding.
Everything begins practically of zero when in 1857 the new layout of the town settles down: the main street, today September 20, and the traverse ones, the apples for the houses of the inhabitants, the church, the barracks of the troops, the school, the watch's square, the grocery. And March 23 1861 begin in Junín the municipal régime with 4 municipal, today councilmen. One year before, the house was born Basterreix. In front of the square of the town, this house of general fields and of storing of cereals it is today the oldest building that exists in Junín.
Although in 1864 the party, one year is believed Junín later a small town it was considered by the government, just as they consign it the historical documents. It has then for that 1929 inhabitants (disseminated in the chacras and the stays of the region), and 33 ranches. The registrations say: "The town is a military position composed by 33 houses, some ranches, 886 inhabitants, barracks and school with 90 students."
It passes the time and Junín it grows. The public illumination settles down with fed streetlights to kerosene, they settle trees in the main square, the Central Cemetery is built, since in a first moment he was where it is today the square Alem. Residents arrive to the area, attracted fundamentally by a reason: the Indian malones, after the campaign to the desert begun by Roca, no longer constituted a danger for the establishments. To the book credit more residents, the communication necessity is born. The calls messagings that unite Junín with the towns of Chacabuco, called National Guard, and Chivilcoy arise.
 
The railroad
 
In spite of the growth that begins to blunt in Junín, it is the railroad the one that marks a before and a later in the history of the progress and the development of the city. The first train, of the brunch Argentinean Central Railroad, arrives in 1880. It leaves the city of Luján and it finished in Parchment, where two brunches opened up, one went toward San Nicolás and another to Junín whose station was in what is today the bus station.
The roads ran for the current avenue San Martin. As ago in all the cities in those that had station, the Central one lifts a wall along the street that today is known as May 25, from Goatherd until Alberdi, where there were two steps at levels.
In 1884 the brunch arrives Buenos Aires later to the Pacific, and two years the rail shops. Between the wall and the roads of the new brunch the New Town is born where the English inhabitants are located that had to its position to the organization and administration of the railroads. Vestiges of their step are San Marcos' College, the building of the administration, the Methodist temple.
An important wave of residents is resided in Junín, many of them immigrants, in its Spanish and Italian majority that came to the country attracted by the laws inmigratorias dictated during Julio's government A. Rock. The quantity of inhabitants grows vertiginously.
Before 1880, the population didn't arrive 2000 people. In 1895, the census establishes that in Junín there are 12.500 inhabitants approximately, counting those that are in the rural area and park that, as Morse and Roca that begin to be born in the region.
With the new brunch the loteo of the area that Tierra del Fuego called himself takes place, today Neighborhood Belgrano. There many of the new inhabitants were located, workers of the today disappeared rail shops.
Another phenomenon took place with the arrival of the brunches. Junín was divided in three towns very little official statements: the Old Town, to the north of the wall, the New Town, between the wall and the roads of the Buenos Aires to the Pacific, and Tierra del Fuego. For this reason when in 1912 the wall is destroyed thanks to the requested of the neighbors of the place, there is not three Junín, but two that today still continues separated by the roads of the railroad.
In 1937 and due to the crisis of the '30, the Argentinean Power station and the Buenos Aires to the Pacific fuse. It was no longer necessary that two stations existed for oneself brunch, and the roads and the station of the Central one they disappear.
For the importance that begins to acquire Junín, in 1892 a branch of the Bank Nation opens its doors in front of the main square. Ten years later makes it the Bank County. And in that same time they are born for the leisure and the entertainment of the residents the sweet shop 9 of Julio and the Italian Theater.
The Municipal, such Palacio which today knows it, is built in 1904. Junín had grown a lot. In the rail shops they worked for 1906, 1607 workers, depending on them 6000 people. In and of itself Junín is declared city in the year 1906.
Viajoporargentina - Información turística sobre la República Argentina
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